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      小學英語閱讀理解四大常見題型

      更新時間:2023-11-26 09:16:00   來源:

      
      														
      
      														

      小學英語考試中,閱讀理解一直是家長和孩子比較關心的話題。

      在小學階段,閱讀理解題型靈活多樣,但主要有四種題型,不同的題型其實也是有不同解題技巧的。 
       
      一、讀一讀,然后選一選
       
      這種題型的特點是在短文后給出若十個不完整的句子或若干個根據短文內容提出的問題,針對每一題都提供三到四個備選的答案,要求同學們在正確理解短文內容的基礎上,從選項中選出一個正確的答案。
       
      這類試題的問題一般是緊扣短文內容編排的,既會涉及文章中的細節內容,如文中出現的人物、時間、地點、事件的前因后果等;也會涉及文章中某個詞或某個句子的含義以及文章的主旨、大意和標題等。 
       
      The big day comes at last!  
      Mrs Jones'third grade students are waiting quietly for her to come into
      the classroom. Today Amy brings some cakes, Joy brings some napkins,
      Carlos brings some soda water and Kate brings some cups. Everyone
      wants the party to he a surprise. Mrs Jones doesn't know the children
      have known today is her birthday. When she comes into the classroom,
      the children shout, “Happy birthday,  Mrs Jones!”  
      And then the children get a surprise,too. Mrs Jones brings everyone a
      party hat and an ice cream!  
       
      閱讀短文,選擇最佳答案。 
       (    )  1.Mrs Jones'grade students are waiting for her. A. three    B.third  
               C.No.3    D.the third 
       (    )2.Carlos brings some一.  A. cola    B.napkins    C.soda water    D.cups
       (    )3.brings some cakes.  A. Amy    B.Carlos    C.Joey    D.Kate 
       

      分析

       

      題1短文的第二句話告訴我們是瓊斯老師的三年級的學生們正靜靜地等候她的到來。

      在年級前面應該用序數詞來表示,如果是在年級后面就應該用基數詞表示。

      如:the third grade,=Grade Three.同時因為前面有定語Mrs Jones',

      所以這里也應該不要the。

      題2、3短文介紹了幾個同學分別帶了一些東西??逅箮Я藄oda water(汽水),

      艾米帶了蛋糕。 

      正確答案:1.B 2.C 3.A   

       
      二、讀一讀,然后判斷句子正誤
       
      該題型的特點是在短文后給出若干個句子,要求同學們根據短文內容,判斷所給的
      句子意思是否與原文相符。做這類題應該聯系短文內容進行發揮,主要是考查對意
      思相近或相反的幾個句子進行鑒別、判斷,或是變換詞語、句子結構來測試同種意
      思的不同表達。 
      There are some public numbers. Do you know when to use these numbers? 110 is a number for calling policeman when you have niet some illegal things. 119 is a number using for a fire accident.  120 is a number for asking medical help when somebody is serious ill or hurt. Please do not dial these numbers for fun. It is forbidden. 閱讀短文,判斷正(T)誤(F)。 
      (    )1. When you meet some thieves, you can call 110.
      (    )2. Somebody is serious ill, you can call 119.
      (    )3. There is a fire ac:cident in vour building, so you can call 119.
      (    )4.A girl was hurt by a car, you can call 120. 
       

      分析

       

      這篇短文是介紹幾個常用電話號碼的用法。讀懂就會判斷句子的正誤了。

       題l  意思是當你遇到小偷的時候,你應該拔打110。

      110是遇到違法事件時的報警號碼,所以判斷它是正確的。 

      題2意思是有人得了重病,你應該拔打119。1 19是發生火災時的求救號碼,

      所以判斷它是錯誤的。 

      題3意思是當你的房子發生了火災,你應該撥打119??梢耘袛嗨钦_的 

      題4意思是一個女孩被汽車撞了,你應該拔打120。120是請求醫療急救的號碼,

      應該先送她去醫院+,所以可以判斷它是正確的。

      正確答案:1.T 2.F 3.T 4.T   

       
      三、讀一讀,然后回答問題
       
      這種題型要求根據所提的問題寫出完整、正確的句子。這樣的題目聽起來似乎很難,其實真正做起來卻很簡單。
       
      回答問題時,句子越簡單越好,答案應簡潔明了,能用一個詞,就不用兩個詞,只要能說明問題就行。
       
      There are seven days in a week. They are Sunday, Monday, Tuesday,
      Wednesday, Thursday, Friday and Saturday. Sunday is the first day of the
      week. Saturday and Sunday are the weekend. Usually, we have a rest on
      the weekends.  The other five days are weekdays. We usually go to school
      or work during weekdays. Nobody likes Monday,  because we have a good
      time on Sunday and we don't want to study or work any more.  
       
      閱讀短文,然后根據短文內容回答問題。 
      1. How many days are there in a week? 
      2.What are they?  
      3. What is the first day of the week? 
      4.What is the weekend? 
       5. When do we usually go to school? 
       

      分析

       

      題1  問一周有幾天。用一個seven就可以回答了。 

      題2問分別是哪幾天。短文第二句已經給我們答案了。 

      題3記住一周的第一天是星期天而不是星期一。 

      題4周末是星期六和星期天。 

      題5  問我們通常什么時候上學。應該是工作日了。 

      正確答案: 

      1.There are seven.  

      2.They are Sunday, Monday, Tuesclay, Wednesday, Thursday,

         Friday and Saturday.  

      3.Sunday.  

      4.Saturday and Sunday.  

      5.During weekdays.

       
      四、讀一讀,然后根據短文內容填空
       
      該題型的特點是在短文后給出一篇經過改寫或縮寫后與原短文意思相同的短文或幾個句子,在短文或句子中均留有若干個空格,要求同學們在每一個空格處填上一個詞,使短文或句子所表達的意思與原短文的內容一致。 
       
      The English people like take-away food. The most popular food is fish and chips. They usually go to a fish and chips shop. They put the food in paper bags, and take it home, or to their work place. At lunch time, many people eat takeaway food in thepark. Chinese take-away food is also very popular in England. People in the USA and Australia like Chinese take-away food,  too. But the most popular food in the USA is fried chicken.  
       
      閱讀短文,然后填空。 
      1. The most popular food in England is___.  
      2. They put the food in___,and take it home, or to their work place. 
      3. At lunch time,  many people eat___food in the park. 
      4. Chinese take-away food is also very___in England.
       

      分析

       
      題l  第二句話告訴我們最受英國人歡迎的食物是魚和薯片。 
      題2第四句話告訴我們他們把食物裝進紙袋里,然后帶回家或工作的地方。 
      題3短文還告訴我們在午餐的時候,很多人喜歡在公園里吃可攜帶食物。 
      題4第二段告訴我們中國的可攜帶食物在英國也很受歡迎。
      正確答案:1.fish and chips  2.paper bags  3.take-away4.popular
       

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